Coverage is a term that refers to camera positioning in capturing the scene’s actions. It affords different viewpoints of characters and their telling the story. More than any other aspect of filmmaking policy defines the director’s signature, his vision of the story. Essentially, coverage is exactly what the camera sees, and feels. Used creatively, coverage is a decided factor in the success of a film. While it refers most to camera positioning, angles, and makeup, it also is related to the motion of the camera and the amount of the shot. Other variables include camera lenses, filters along with the rhythm, speed and variety of shots.
Coverage is what constitutes the components that are later edited together to make the movie. It’s a choice of shots that the editor can splice together to finish the scene. Because shots are duplicated in several of takes, these shots supply the editor with several options, ways to tell the story. And though the editor may assemble the shots to a scene, it’s the director who has the final say this assemblage is finished. To receive coverage, it is common practice to first take a master. A Master shot includes all of the components or characters in 1 camera shot. It is the long shot or wide angle shot which defines the location, the significant cast of characters and the action that will happen in a scene. The editor uses this master shot for a road map to build closer shots. The policy then moves to get a two shot (two individuals). This could be a Frontal two shot or an over the shoulder two taken. While the two shot depicts the connection between the two personalities, the over the shoulder two taken isolates mainly on one character’s activity. This over the shoulder angle enables greater flexibility in editing as the spectacle can move back and forth between dialog and/or response shots. The close up is normally the last instalment in shooting a sequence. This type of shot is focused on the upper body and face.
It allows for the greatest expression of emotions. Like the over the shoulder shot, it allows for considerable editing flexibility since the spectacle can go back and forth revealing the dialogue and reactions of every character. The choker close up can proceed in only under the collar and the extreme close up written beneath the chin and cutting some hair. These nearer angles accumulate up subtle feelings and behaviours one would overlook in more shots. Another frequent shot in the sequence is that the cut off. This focuses on some element or object linked to the scene although not evident in the former series of shots. It might be a telltale cigarette butt in an ashtray or an incriminating beverage glass left on the coffee table. Have a peek here LightingDirector.co.uk.